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2017职称英语《理工C》试题:阅读判断专项练习(2)

2016-06-30 11:32

来源:互联网

作者:

  The Life in Ireland

  Ireland is the best place in the world to live in for 2005, according to a life quality ranking that appeared in Britain's Economist magazine last week.

  The ambitious attempt to compare happiness levels around the world is based on the principle that wealth is not the only measure of human satisfaction and well-being.

  The index of 111 countries uses data on incomes, health, unemployment, climate, political stability, job security, gender equality as well as what the magazine calls “freedom, family and community life".

  Despite the bad weather, troubled health service, traffic congestion (拥挤), gender inequality,and the high cost of flying, Ireland scored an impressive 8.33 points out of 10.

  That put it well ahead of second-place Switzerland, which managed 8.07, Zimbabwe, troubled by political insecurity and hunger, is rated the gloomiest (最差的 ), picking up only 3.89 points.

  "Although rising incomes and increased individual choices are highly valued," the report said,"some of the factors associated with modernization such as the breakdown (崩溃) in traditional institutions and family values in part take away from a positive impact."

  "Ireland wins because it successfully combines the most desirable elements of the new with the preservation of certain warm elements of the old, such as stable family and community I ife."

  The magazine admitted measuring quality of life is not a straightforward thing to do, and that its findings would have their critics.

  No.2 on the list is Switzerland. The other nations in the top 10 are Norway, Luxembourg,Sweden, Australia, Iceland, Italy, Denmark and Spain. The U.K. is positioned at No.29, a much lower position chiefly because of the social and family breakdown recorded in official statistics.

  The U.S., which has the second highest per capita GDP (人均国内生产总值 ) after Luxembourg, took the 13th place in the survey. China was in the lower half of the league at 60th.

  1.For 2005 years, Ireland has been the best place for humans to live in.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. Not mentioned

  2.Job security is the least important measure of life quality.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. Not mentioned

  3.Cost of living in Ireland is pretty high.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. Not mentioned

  4.Family life in Zimbabwe is not stable.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. Not mentioned

  5.Ireland is positioned at No.1 because it combines the most desirable elements of the new with some good elements of the old.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. Not mentioned

  6.To measure life quality is easy.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. Not mentioned

  7.The United States of America is among the top 10 countries.

  A. Right

  B. Wrong

  C. Not mentioned

  2017年职称英语试题《理工C》阅读判断专项练习第二篇试题解析

  1.B。题干:在长达2005年里,爱尔兰一直是世界上最适合人类居住的地方。用数字“2005”定位,文章首句有相关信息,但首句却说的是“爱尔兰是2005年最适合居住的地方。”故选B。

  2.C。题干:工作安全对生活质量来讲是最不重要的衡量标准。用中心词“job security”回到原文定位,文章第三段提到了工作稳定,但是没有说工作稳定是生活质量中最不重要的衡量标准。因此选择C。

  3.A。题干:爱尔兰的生活成本很高。由中心词“the high cost ofliving”(很高的生活费用)回到原文定位,这一信息可以在第四段中找到。信息吻合,因此选择A。

  4.C。题干:津巴布韦的家庭生活不稳定。由专有名词Zimbabwe(津巴布韦)回到文章定位。文章并没有提到津巴布韦家庭生活是否稳定,故选择C。

  5.A。题干:爱尔兰位于第一位是因为它把新时期最佳的成分和一些好的传统结合在一起。由逻辑关系词because定位,这一信息可以从第六段中找到,说的是“爱尔兰位居榜首是因为它把新时期最佳的成分和一些好的传统结合在一起”,与题干信息是一致的,因此选择A。

  6.B。题干:生活质量的测量很容易。由题干关键词回到原文定位,第七段有相关信息:“该杂志承认评价生活质量不是一件简单的事。”题干内容与原文信息不一致,因此选择B。

  7.B。题干:美国是位于前10的国家。由专有名词“The United States”和数字10回到原文定位,有关此信息可以在最后一段找到。题干说的是“美国在前10名”,原文说它排在第13名,因此选择B。

(编辑:何莹莹)

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