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职称英语历年真题理工A阅读理解精选(1)

2016-12-20 15:36

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  A New Strategy to Overcome Breast Cancer

  Post-menopausal (绝经后) women who walk for an hour a day can cut their chance of breast cancer significantly, a study has suggested. The report, which followed 73,000 women for 17 years,found walking for at least seven hours a week lowered the risk of the disease. The American Cancer Society team said this was the first time reduced risk was specifically linked to walking.UK experts said it was more evidence that lifestyle influenced cancer risk.

  A recent poll for the charity Ramblers a quarter of adults walk for no more than an hour a week, but being active is known to reduce the risk of a number of cancers. This study, published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, followed 73.615 women out of 97,785 aged 50-74 who had been recruited by the American Cancer Society between 1992 and 1993, so it could monitor the incidence of cancer in the group.

  They were asked to complete questionnaires on their health and on how much time they were active and participating in activities such as walking, swimming and aerobics(有氧运动)and how much time they spent sitting watching television or reading. They completed the same questionnaires at two-year intervals between 1997 and 2009. Of the women, 47% said walking was their only recreational activity. Those who walked for at least seven hours per week had a 14% lower risk of breast cancer compared to those who walked three or fewer hours per week.

  Dr. Alpa Patel, a senior epidemiologist at the American Cancer Society in Atlanta, Georgia,who led the study, said: "Given that more than 60% of women report some daily walking,promoting walking as a healthy leisure-time activity could be an effective strategy for increasing physical activity amongst post-menopausal women. We were pleased to find that without any other recreational activity, just walking one hour a day was associated with a lower risk of breast cancer in these women." "More strenuous ( 紧张的 ) and longer activities lowered the risk even more."

  Baroness Delyth Morgan, chief executive of Breast Cancer Campaign, said: "This study adds further evidence that our lifestyle choices can play a part in influencing the risk of breast cancer and even small changes incorporate into our normal day-to-day activity can make a difference."

  She added: "We know that the best weapon to overcoming breast cancer is the ability to stop it occurring in the first place. The challenge now is how we turn these findings into action and identify other sustainable lifestyle changes that will help us prevent breast cancer."

  31. All of the following factors relating to cancer risk were mentioned in the passage EXCEPT__________.

  A. breathing exercise.

  B. regular walking.

  C. recreational activity.

  D. lifestyle choices.

  32. It can be inferred from Dr. Alpa Patel's study that

  A. women have fewer chances of physical activity.

  B. daily walking could cut the chance of breast cancer.

  C. leisure-time activity is not associated with cancer risk.

  D. walking is not recommended for women with breast cancer.

  33. Dr. Alpa Patel was__________.

  A. head of the survey study.

  B. chief editor of Cancer Epidemiology.

  C. chair of the American Cancer Society.

  D. chief executive of Breast Cancer Campaign.

  34. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?

  A. Most women take walking as their only recreational activity.

  B. The study aims to track the health conditions of its subjects.

  C. Walking was the only recreational activity for about half of the women.

  D. Irregular walking increased the risk of breast cancer in post-menopausal women.

  35. The word "sustainable" in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to

  A. continuable.

  B. affordable.

  C. available.

  D. persistent.

  31.A。细节题。题干:文章除了没有提到下列哪个因素外,其他都与致癌风险有关?根据命题顺序和关键词cancer risk可找到原文第一段的最后两句“The American Cancer Society team said this was the first time reduced risk was specifically linked to walking.UK experts said it was more evidence that lifestyle influenced cancer risk.”和第二段的第一句“…but being active is known to reduce the risk of a number of cancers.”可知散步、生活方式和运动都能降低癌症风险,唯独没有提及呼吸运动,故答案为A。

  32.B。推断题。题干:从AIpa Patel博士的研究可推断出__________。根据关键词Alpa Patel’s study可找到第四段的倒数第二句“We were pleased to find that without any other recreational activity,just walking one hour a day was associated with a lower risk of breast cancer in these women.”,此项研究发现没有其他休闲活动,只是散步也可降低患乳腺癌的风险,由此可知B正确。

  33.A。细节题。题干:Alpa Patel博士是__________。由关键词Alpa Patel可找到第四段的第一句“Dr.Alpa Patel,a senior epidemiologist at the American Cancer Society in Atlanta,Georgia,who led the study…”,由此可知Alpa Patel是美国癌症学会的高级流行病学家,他领导了这项研究,故答案是A。

  34.A。细节题。题干:根据文章所述,下列哪项叙述是正确的?由第三段的倒数第二句“Of the women,47%said walking was their only recreational activity.”可知A项符合此意,是正确答案,其他选项均不对。

  35.A。词汇题。题干:最后一段的“sustainable”与__________的意思最相近。sustainable出现在最后一段的最后一句话“…identify other sustainable lifestyle changes that will help us prevent breast cancer.”,这句话的意思是“确定其他可以忍受的生活方式的改变有助于预防乳腺癌”,sustainable意为“可以忍受的,可持续的”,由此可知A正确。

(编辑:何莹莹)

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